Contraceptives

Permanent Birth Control Methods

Permanent Birth Control Methods (2)

The technique of birth control to use is one of the most important reproductive health decisions both individuals and couples have to make. This is because there are both temporary and permanent methods that are effective in preventing pregnancy that one can choose from. For those who are planning on using a permanent one, it is necessary to have some knowledge on the available methods for both males and females. Some of these are mentioned in this post.

  • Vasectomy

This is by far the most effective birth control method in males. It involves a surgical operation whereby the vas deferens are permanently cut and sealed. These are the tubes that carry sperms towards the urethra. Even though the patient will still be able to ejaculate and achieve orgasm, their semen will not contain any sperm and hence will not cause any pregnancy. This does not, however, take place immediately after the surgery. Medical experts state that it may take up to twenty ejaculations before the semen is rendered free of any sperms

Although it is regarded as permanent, it is possible to reverse vasectomy by undergoing a reversal surgery to reconnect the vase deferens. This is a more costly operation and might involve some risks such as the buildup of fluid within the scrotum. It often works, and the patient might be able to impregnate their partner or spouse once again.

  • Essure permanent birth control

Essure has in the past few years become one of the most popular non-surgical female sterilization methods. The doctor vaginally inserts a spring-like device to each fallopian tube. The device contains an irritant which induces fibrosis that develops over time forming a permanent layer of tissue. This layer blocks the tubes thereby preventing fertilization and hence pregnancy.

However, one must continue using other temporary birth control techniques such as pills for typically around three months until the seal is fully formed. To confirm whether this has taken place, a doctor undertakes an Essure Confirmation Test three months or more after the devices are placed. If a positive result is obtained, then one can stop using the other techniques.

  • Tubal ligationPermanent Birth Control Methods (1)

For women who opt for a surgical solution, then this is a viable method. As the name implies, sterilization is achieved by tying the fallopian tubes. This prevents the movement of ova into the uterus as well as that of the sperms along the tubes. Since the male and female eggs are unable to meet, no fertilization occurs and hence the pregnancy cannot take place.

It is a simple procedure that one can have done whenever they desire since the operation takes a short time and it does not take long before the abdominal stitches heal completely. Alternatively, one can have the procedure done during a caesarean delivery, or immediately following child birth. They can, therefore, avoid any future pregnancies using this permanent birth control method.